The Cat of Kazan is a lubok (Russian: лубо́к) from sometime during the 18th century. It is a possible satire of Peter the Great. The author of this lubok is unknown.
The text reads “Cat of Kazan, mind of Astrakhan, reason of Siberia, he lived sweet, ate sweet, and farted sweet.” The original text is all shoved together and hard to read, but if you clean it up a bit it’ll look like this:
But remember that this is old Russian text before all of the reforms that we are now accustomed to. The modern Russian version is ‘Кот Казанской, ум Астраханской, разум Сибирской, сладко жил, сладко ел, сладко бздел.’